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Chicago Medical Dermatology Conditions Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a skin condition where the hair falls out in patches. It can occur anywhere on the body. It is often subclassifed:
1. Alopecia areata: Hair loss in patches
2. Alopecia totalis: Hair loss on the entire scalp
3. Alopecia universalis: Hair loss on the entire body

Why does this occur?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system attacks a portion of the hair follicle. It is not scarring, but it can progress quickly if not evaluated and treated. It can often be associated with other autoimmune conditions including vitiligo and/or thyroid disease.

Signs/Symptoms
Alopecia areata often starts as one coin-shaped patch on the scalp. It can progress to involve other parts of the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and/or body hair. Nail changes such as pitting or dystrophy can also affect the fingernails and toenails.

What you can expect
The course is unpredictable. The risk of recurrence is also unpredictable. This makes the condition very frustrating to patients and dermatologists

Treatment
Corticosteroids (topical and injections), Diphencyprone (DCP), minoxidil (Rogaine), and systemic therapies (methotrexate).

New research
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02197455


To discuss your Alopecia Areata Chicago condition with a Board Certified Dermatologist please make an online appointment or call (312) 585 7299 today.